The Great Wall, one of the symbols of China, was a defensive wall of the northern border that was built and maintained by many Chinese feudal dynasties.
Great Wall – is the famous wall of China, originally built primarily of tamped earth, with towers at equal intervals. By the Ming Dynasty, the wall was built by more solid brick. However, depending on localities, building materials are different. There were places using stone, the others used burning coal or even glues made of rice and egg to build.
The length of the Great Wall
As the longest wall in the world, the Great Wall has a total length of 21,196 km. The average height of the wall is 7m above sea level, the top of the wall is 4-6m wide. The Great Wall runs from the coast of Bohai sea (Shanhai Pass) to Xinjiang – the boundary between China’s indigenous and Manchuria to Lop Nur in the southeastern part of the Uyghur Autonomous Region in Xinjiang.
Time to complete the Great Wall?
Three centuries is the time to complete this solid wall. The Great Wall is one of the works that has the longest time of construction and finish in the world. The first major wall was built under the rule of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of the Qin Dynasty, with a brief period of existence. This wall was not built by the efforts of a group, but by the joining of several sections of the walls into each other, each built during the Warring States period. Following Qin Shi Huang, other kings continued to build new sections of the walls. Today’s Great Wall was built between the second half of the 14th century and the middle of the 17th century from the Ming Dynasty.
Highlights of the Great Wall.
It is a defensive structure, so the terrain that the Great Wall passes through is variou, from remote mountains, grassland to deserts. In the history of the ancient world, the Great Wall architecture can be said to be very rare. At the important junctions of the Great Wall, the gates were built, both for the convenience of traffic and for the defense. In addition, there are flanking towers for storing certain weapons, food and shelter for the soldiers, in the war they can turn into a fortress. Along the Great Wall are the “fire halls,” used to burn smoke (during the day) and fire (at night) in order to quickly transmit enemy information.
Since being built, the Great Wall has played a very important role. Its existence is related to the change of many dynasties, as well as the prosperity and failure of the Chinese nation. However, after the Manchurians passed through Shandong (1644), entering the Central Highlands, the wall was no longer of strategic value, due to the political control of the central government at that time. was actually extended to the northernmost, further than all previous dynasties.
Discover the beauty of the Great Wall
Because the Great Wall is very long, you cannot explore all. So, you just have to choose to visit some popular sections.
First of all, it should mention Shanhaiguan Pass. This is the first gate of the Great Wall. It is located between Hebei Province and Liaoning Province. The name Shanhaiguan Pass comes from where you can admire the mountains, immensely vast ocean. This pass has four doors. Especially, the eastern door hung the plaque ” The First Pass Under Heaven” ” by Gui Lien, the famous calligrapher of the Ming Dynasty. To discover the Great Wall, go to Shanhaiguan Pass.
In addition, you should come to visit Niangzi Pass. It is located in Pingding County, Shanxi Province. The terrain is rugged. Here you can enjoy the majestic, spectacular of green mountains..
There are 13 famous fortification passes along the Great Wall: Shanhaiguan Pass, Huangyaguan Pass, Juyongguan Pass, Zijingguan Pass, Daomaguan Pass, Pingxingguan Pass, Piantouguan Pass, Yanmen Pass, Niangzi Pass, Shahukouguan Pass, Jiayuguan Pass, Yangguan Pass, Yumenguan Pass. It is so wonderful if you can visit all these passes in your trip to the Great Wall.