The Forbidden City is one of the most fascinating sights in Beijing, where shows the majesty, solemnity and is closely linked to the history of the imperial palace. This palace attracts millions of visitors each year to learn about the ancient Chinese golden age.
History of the Forbidden City
The Forbidden City was built in 1366 to 1386, with the function of protecting the capital. The Forbidden City is still preserved today in China.
It was once the palace of the dynasties from the Ming Dynasty to the late Qing Dynasty. It houses important Chinese art treasures and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 and is the world’s largest ancient wooden population.
How to reach the Forbidden City of China?
The Palace is located in the heart of Beijing, right next to Tiananmen Square. To reach the Forbidden City in China you need to move about more than 20km and about 3km walk from the wall.
To visit the Forbidden City, you can walk, use bike or other public transportation. Tiananmen East and West stations are subway stations near Meridian Gate. There is also a bus running around the capital, so visitors can go from one side to the other quickly.
Most visitors spend half of day to visit the entire Forbidden City population. Let’s start the tour from Tiananmen Square, with a map or a tape recorder that you can borrow at the ticket counter!
Time to visit the Forbidden City
To travel to China you should pay attention to the time should or should not visit the Forbidden City. Especially during hot weather, it makes you feel uncomfortable while walking. Therefore, in order to fully admire the ancient beauty of the Forbidden City, you should come here in winter, especially after the snow falls when there are not crowded visitors to visit.
Unique architecture of Beijing Forbidden City
The Forbidden City consists of 9999 rooms. Four corners are four towers with complex roofs, representing Pavilion of Prince Teng and the Yellow Crane Pavilion. Each side of the wall has a gate: Meridian Gate, Gate of Divine Might, West Glorious Gate, East Glorious Gate. Some popular places you cannot miss when visiting are Meridian Gate, Gate of Supreme Harmony, Palace of Heavenly Purity…
The Forbidden City is divided into two areas: The Outer Court of the palace is for rituals, and the Inner Court is for the residence of the emperor and the royal family, is also the place the emperor and the mandarins meet to discuss the government’s affairs everyday.
Regarding to the inside the Forbidden City, it is definitely to mention prominent architecture, decorative items with many dragon images of Hall of Supreme Harmony. With the 8m high stairs, the length of Hall is nearly 40m and becomes the highest building in the palace.
The Museum in the Forbidden City has one of the largest collections of 18th-century mechanical watches in the world, with over 1,000 watches crafted both in China and abroad. In addition, there is a huge and precious collection of jewelry, ancient costumes of emperors, crowns.
On the grounds of the Forbidden City there are 308 large cauldrons, inside the cauldron filled with water used to prevent the unfortunate fire. People set fire to the bottom to keep water from freezing.
Another interesting point is that all the palaces in the Forbidden City are facing to the south. The purpose is to avoid the harsh winds blowing from the north and also because the north is the unlucky direction because of the invasions from the north. However, the forbidden palaces, where the concubines lived, are heading towards the north.
Although the government has brought to Taiwan a large number of antiquities of the Forbidden City, visitors can still admire over 1,000 antiquities still on display here. After being tired of visiting, visitors can walk around the garden in the palace to visit and take a rest.
Forbidden City is a symbol of China and an interesting place for those who want to explore the magnificent and grandeur history, ancient beauty of buildings in the past. Hope you have a great experience here!